2012大声展展品:包房

项目性质:移动房屋设计
项目地点:北京三里屯village
设计时间:2012
建筑面积:5平米
主设计师:朵宁
设计团队:白玉明,高士鑫,路阳英

Project Property:Mobile Housing Design
Project Location:SanLiTun Village BeiJing
Design Period:2012
Floor Area:5sqr
Lead Designer:Duo Ning
Design Team:Bai YuMing Gao ShiXin Lu YangYing

包房是度态建筑2012大声展移动房屋单元的参展作品。设计师在定制的人力三轮车上搭建了一个轻质房屋,由喷涂发泡聚氨酯(SPF)和木方作为混合结构兼保温。房屋外表面采用白布做模板,脱模后形成凸凹的鼓包效果。内部提供2米见方的空间,可供三人平躺睡眠。

包房创新性的采用了织物作为墙体SPF浇筑的模板,一方面织物的强度确保了外立面完成面的紧致,为取消外立面装饰层带来了可能;另一方面织物的弹性帮助发泡胶在氧化膨胀的过程中获得了自然的鼓包形态,把材料特性和形式表达完美的统一在一起。

Project name: Bao House
Location of site: Beijing, China
Program: Mobile House
Total floor area: 4 m2
Project by: dot Architects
Principal designer: Ning Duo
Photo credits: Yuming Bai, Vanessa Chen

Bao House is a mobile house exhibited in Sanlitun village, Beijing as part of the “Get It Louder” 2012 Exhibition. The brief is to design a mobile house which can be driven by human power. The structure was designed and fabricated by dot Architects.

Bao House is designed to be a house detached from land. Built with SPF(Spray polyurethane foam), a 2X2 metre cube is fixed on a tricycle, thus the vehicle could move around in the city streets while functioning as a shelter.

The exterior of the house is made of SPF. Fabric was deployed as exterior mold, and spray Polyurethane foam was injected. As the foam dried it expanded and produced great pressure on the fabric which was fixed to the inner wooden mold at anchor points. Each anchor point was connected by strings in order to create a secondary texture. Finally a multiple bulge outward was achieved. Bao House gets its name from this bubble-like surface, since “bao” in Chinese means bulge.

The exterior and interior molds were tear down after the SPF dried and got its shape. The structure is light in weight and bold in appearance, water-resistant and thermal-insulated.

The interior is designed to accommodate three people, with a mattress on the floor and a trans- parent Polycarbonated panel on the roof. The simple layout provides peace and tranquility, as the skylight pours into the pure white solitary space.

The front side of the Bao House is a 2mX2m sliding door. When the door closes the house has a monolithic looking. When the door opens the house gets a maximum access to the surrounding environment.

The light-weight structure guarantees the mobility of the Bao House. The tricycle is driven by manpower, and could be easily transformed into other clean energy driven vehicle.

SPF is a spray-applied insulating foam plastic that is installed as a liquid and expands many times its original size when exposed to air. Spray polyurethane foam is the king of building materials for multitasking: insulation, air barriers, roofing, etc. Having so many characteristics, SPF always conceals behind the finishing surface and functions only as supplementary material though. Bao House tries to explore this common material and re-interpret it in a new fabrication system. The bubble-like surface of Bao House is only the first step, and we are looking forward to design more Bao-products with more interesting ideas applied